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【今後14日の予定】

2019-04-22
    UTAPwiki/セミナー/観測的宇宙論速報
    担当者:Shirley Ho
    時間 :10:00-
    場所 :理学部4号館ピロティ前セミナー室
    内容:Matter evolved under influence of gravity from minuscule density fluctuations. Non-perturbative structure formed hierarchically over all scales, and developed non-Gaussian features in the Universe, known as the Cosmic Web. To fully understand the structure formation of the Universe is one of the holy grails of modern astrophysics. Astrophysicists survey large volumes of the Universe and employ a large ensemble of computer simulations to compare with the observed data in order to extract the full information of our own Universe. However, to evolve trillions of galaxies over billions of years even with the simplest physics is a daunting task. We build a deep neural network, the Deep Density Displacement Model (hereafter D3M), to predict the non-linear structure formation of the Universe from simple linear perturbation theory. Our extensive analysis, demonstrates that D3M outperforms the second order perturbation theory (hereafter 2LPT), the commonly used fast approximate simulation method, in point-wise comparison, 2-point correlation, and 3-point correlation. We also show that D3M is able to accurately extrapolate far beyond its training data, and predict structure formation for significantly different cosmological parameters. Our study proves, for the first time, that deep learning is a practical and accurate alternative to approximate simulations of the complex physical world. We will also present interesting and preliminary results in interrogating the machine learned model in order to understand what is going on under the hood.

2019-04-24
    UTAPwiki/セミナー/planet lunch
    担当者:Aizawa, Masataka
    時間 :12:15-13:00
    場所 :理学部1号館908室
    内容 :Numerous exoplanets have been detected around Sun-like stars. These stars end their lives as white dwarfs, which should inherit any surviving planetary systems. Manser et al. found periodic shifts in emission lines from a disc of gas orbiting around a white dwarf (see the Perspective by Fossati). They used numerical simulations to show that the most likely explanation for the spectral shifts is a low-mass planet orbiting within the disc. The planet must be unusually small and dense to avoid being ripped apart by tidal forces. The authors speculate that it may be the leftover core of a planet whose outer layers have been removed. Author(s)TitleYear,JournalLinkChristopher J. Manser et al.A planetesimal orbiting within the debris disc around a white dwarf star2019 April 8, APJdoi


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Last-modified: 2013-11-20 (水) 11:11:56 (1979d)