UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Joint seminar at Waseda Univ.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Bernard Carr (Queen Mary University of London)

Title: Primordial Black Holes as Dark Matter and Seeds for Cosmic Structure

Abstract:

Primordial black holes (PBHs) larger than 10^{15}g are natural candidates for the dark matter but numerous constraints from lensing, dynamical and accretion effects imply that there are only a few allowed mass windows and the PBHs may need to have an extended mass function. The intermediate-mass window at 1–100 M⊙ is of special interest in view of the recent detection of black-hole mergers by LIGO. However, PBHs larger than this might have important consequences even if they provide only a small fraction of the dark matter. In particular, they could generate cosmological structure – including supermassive black holes, the first bound clouds and galaxies – through either the ‘seed’ effect or the ‘Poisson’ effect, thereby alleviating some problems associated with the standard CDM scenario. If the PBHs have an extended mass spectrum, they could both provide dark matter and generate cosmic structures. In this case, the stochastic gravitational wave background from the PBHs in this scenario would extend continuously from the LIGO frequency to the LISA frequency.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Takeshi Kobayashi (SISSA)

Title: Baryons, Dark Matter, and Light Scalars

Abstract:

The appearance of scalar fields with small masses is ubiquitous in physics beyond the Standard Model. In this talk I will describe how such light scalars can play important roles in cosmology, especially in connection to the origin of the baryons and dark matter of our universe. With regard to the baryons, I will show that a scalar with an approximate shift symmetry, such as the QCD axion, can naturally induce baryogenesis. For dark matter, I will present cosmological constraints on scalar dark matter obtained from analyses of the Lyman-alpha forest and the cosmic microwave background; here I will particularly focus on the ultralight regime and examine the long-standing claim that ultralight scalar dark matter may solve the small-scale issues of the CDM paradigm.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

No seminar due to the entrance exam

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

No seminar due to YKIS2018a Symposium

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Holiday

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Minxi He (RESCEU)

Title: Mass hierarchy in multi-field inflation and Higgs-R^2 inflation

Abstract:

Multi-field inflation models are able to give many interesting observable

features which are possibly to be detected by CMB and other observations

in the future. The general multi-field systems are difficult to solve analytically,

but in the presence of mass hierarchy, effective field theory can be used to

analyze the system. I will first review two papers arXiv: 1010.3693 and arXiv:

1205.0710 to derive the general formalism of multi-field inflation and the

effective field theory in the presence of mass hierarchy. Then I will talk

about my recent work, the application of this formalism to the two-field model

combining Higgs inflation and Starobinsky model.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Joint seminar at TiTech

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker1: Eugeny Babichev (Laboratoire de Physique Théorique d'Orsay)

Title: Caustic free completion of k-essence

Abstract:

Both k-essence and the pressureless perfect fluid develop caustic

singularities at finite time. We explore the connection between the two

and show that they belong to the same class of models, which admits the

caustic free completion by means of the canonical complex scalar field.

Specifically, the free massive/self-interacting complex scalar

reproduces dynamics of pressureless perfect fluid/shift-symmetric

k-essence under certain initial conditions in the limit of large

mass/sharp self-interacting potential. We elucidate a mechanism of

resolving caustic singularities in the complete picture.

Speaker2: Eung Jin Chun (KIAS)

Title: Dark matter in Supersymmetric Axion Models

Abstract:

The strong CP problem is nicely resolved by the Peccei-Quinn mechanism which

predicts a light pseudo-Goldstone boson, the axion. It is a dark matter

candidate whose abundance is produced through the misalignment. In

supersymmetric theories, the fermionic partner of the axion, the axino,

is another dark matter candidate and can alter the standard features of a

neutralino dark matter candidate. In this talk, we discuss cosmological

and phenomenological properties of the axion supermultiplet and its impact on

the dark matter physics.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Teruaki Suyama (RESCEU)

On a paper

JCAP 1402 (2014) 019 (arXiv:1309.5888)

"Pulsar timing signal from ultralight scalar dark matter"

Andrei Khmelnitsky, Valery Rubakov.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Shun-Pei Miao (National Cheng Kung Univ.) **[from 1:30 PM]**

Title: Deducing Cosmological Observables from the S-matrix

Abstract:

We study one loop quantum gravitational corrections to the long range force induced by the exchange of a massless scalar between two massive scalars. The various diagrams contributing to the flat space S-matrix are evaluated in a general covariant gauge and we show that dependence on the gauge parameters cancels at a point considerably *before* forming the full S-matrix, which is unobservable in cosmology. It is possible to interpret our computation as a solution to the effective field equations --- which could be done even in cosmology --- but taking account of quantum gravitational corrections from the source and from the observer.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

No seminar due to CosPA2017

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Keisuke Inomata (ICRR)

Title: Double Inflation as a single origin of PBHs for all dark matter and LIGO

Abstract:

Primordial Black Hole (PBH) is one of the leading non-particle candidates

for dark matter (DM).

Although several observations severely constrain the amount of PBHs,

it is recently pointed out that there is an uncertainty on the microlensing constraints

below ~ 10^{-10} M_\odot which was ignored originally

but may weaken the constraints significantly.

In the seminar, facing this uncertainty, we investigate the possibility that

PBHs can make up all DM in a broad mass spectrum.

Moreover, we propose a concrete inflation model which can simultaneously produce

PBHs for all DM in a broad mass spectrum around O(10^{-13}) M_\odot

and PBHs for LIGO events in a sharp mass spectrum at O(10) M_\odot.

This talk is based on our recent paper (arXiv:1711.06129).

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

No seminar due to JGRG27

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Toyokazu Sekiguchi (RESCEU)

Title: Abundance of dark matter axion in the coupling with dark photon

Abstract:

The axion and axion-like particles originate from a variety of UV theories based on QFT as well as string theory. Couplings of those axions with U(1) gauge fields are fairly ubiquitous. They are known to offer rich phenomenology in the very early Universe, for instance, inflation and preheating. In my talk I’m going to focus on their effects on the abundance of the QCD axion produced from the misalignment mechanism. It is recently argued that the coupling of the axion to a hidden U(1) field suppresses the axion abundance, which can open up the axion window up to the GUT scale. The claim postulates that production of the axion fluctuations is negligible. We revisit the argument by performing 3d lattice simulations of the axion electrodynamics, where the nonlinear dynamics in the coevolution of the axion fluctuations and gauge field is incorporated to the full extent. We show production of the axion fluctuations plays a crucial role and the suppression is moderated significantly.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker: Louis Yang (IPMU)

Title: Postinflationary Higgs Relaxation and Leptogenesis

Abstract:

The discovery of the Higgs boson with a mass of 125 GeV implies a relatively slow rise of the Standard Model Higgs potential at large energy scales. A scalar field with such a shallow potential can develop a large vacuum expectation value (VEV) during inflation through quantum fluctuation. The relaxation of the large VEV of the Higgs field after inflation may play an important role in the early stage of the universe. In this talk, I will talk about the generation of large Higgs VEV and how to do leptogenesis using the postinflationary relaxation of the Higgs field. I will also discuss one observable consequence of this relaxation leptogenesis model, which could explain the excess found in the cosmic infrared background (CIB) radiation anisotropy.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Joint seminar at IPMU

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Speaker1: Masaki Yamada (Tufts Univ.)

Title: On false vacuum decay catalyzed by black holes

Abstract:

False vacuum states are metastable in quantum field theories, and true vacuum bubbles can be nucleated due to the quantum tunneling effect. It was recently suggested that an evaporating Black Hole (BH) can be a catalyst of bubble nucleations and dramatically shortens the lifetime of the false vacuum. In particular, in the context of the Standard Model valid up to a certain energy scale, even a single evaporating BH may spoil the successful cosmology by inducing the decay of our electroweak vacuum. In this talk, we reinterpret catalyzed vacuum decay by BHs, using an effective action for a thin-wall bubble around a BH to clarify the meaning of bounce solutions. We calculate bounce solutions in the limit of a flat spacetime and in the limit of negligible backreaction to the metric, where it is much easier to understand the physical meaning, and compare these results with the full calculations done in the literature. As a result, we give a physical interpretation of the enhancement factor: it is nothing but the probability of producing states with a finite energy. This makes it clear that all the other states such as plasma should also be generated through the same mechanism, and calls for finite density corrections to the tunneling rate which tend to stabilize the false vacuum.

Speaker2: Ayuki Kamada (IBS)

Title: Galactic Rotation Curves with Dark Matter Self-Interactions

Abstract:

It has been shown that the LambdaCDM model can successfully explain large-scale structure of the universe. But it is not clear that it can accommodate observations on (sub-)galactic scales. In fact, the LambdaCDM model predicts dark matter halos, which are systematically denser than inferred from astrophysical observations. One interesting alternative assumes that dark matter particles are strongly interacting with each other. Dark matter self-interactions will lead to heat transfer from the hotter outer region to the cold inner region, reducing the central dark matter density. In this talk, I will show that the observed rotation curves of spiral galaxies are consistent with predicted in the SIDM model. I will also emphasize the importance of the baryonic disk in determining the SIDM halo profile.

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

Joint seminar at IPMU -> postponed to 11/6 due to a typhoon

UTAPwiki/セミナー/初期宇宙・相対論速報

No seminar due to Kavli IPMU 10th anniversary symposium