Gravitational Wave Production right after Primordial Black Hole Evaporation

Keisuke Inomata

We discuss the footprint of evaporation of primordial black holes (PBHs) on stochastic gravitational waves (GWs) induced by scalar perturbations. We consider the case where PBHs once dominate the Universe but eventually evaporate before the big bang nucleosynthesis. The reheating through the PBH evaporation could end with a sudden change in the equation of state of the Universe compared to the conventional reheating caused by particle decay. We show that this "sudden reheating" by the PBH evaporation enhances the induced GWs, whose amount depends on the length of the PBH-dominated era and the width of the PBH mass function.
We explore the possibility to constrain the primordial abundance of the evaporating PBHs by observing the induced GWs. We find that the abundance parameter \beta >~ 10^{-5} - 10^{-8} for O(10^3 - 10^5) g PBHs can be constrained by future GW observations if the width of the mass function is smaller than about a hundredth of the mass.
This seminar will be based on our recent work, arXiv:2003.10455.

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Last-modified: 2020-04-27 (月) 13:47:26 (79d)